Technical Officials


The role of the basketball referee is to ensure the game is played in a safe and fair environment.RefereeAylen

The referee has to enforce the rules of the game by making decisions when a violation or foul has occurred and the referee must stop the game and issue the correct penalty.

The role of the basketball referee is to ensure the game is played in a safe and fair environment.

The referee enforces the rules of the game by acknowledging game play violations or fouls. The referee stops the game and issues the correct penalty.


In the Australian junior basketball community referees and umpires are encouraged to be at the game venue at least half an hour before the game is scheduled to start. In addition to rule enforcing, the referee is required to:

· ensure the playing court and equipment is safe.

· communicate with the scoretable and statisticians as required.

· manage the emotions of the players and coaches.

All though not encouraged, at the junior level, there will be occasions during game play where the referee will administer the team’s substitutions and timeouts and then effectively re-commence the game.

Important to the values of basketball, the referee is charged with the responsibility of ensuring unsportsmanlike and unacceptable behaviour is removed from the game. In the instance by which this occurs the referee will penalise the guilty player, coach or team.

At the conclusion of all games, the referee is required to check the scoresheet and sign accordingly. The referee is allowed to correct any mistakes on the scoresheet but only before he or she signs it.


Imagine watching your favourite basketball team play a game with no timer, no scoreboard or no stat sheet. Players would have no idea what the score was, coaches would be confused as to how to manage the clock, and fans would be left clueless as to how many points their favourite player had scored. Without scoretable officials this would be the reality of basketball. Scoretable officials are an indispensable element of good basketball delivery, responsible for the smooth flow of the game.


There are several different positions on the scoretable. These are the chairperson, the scorer, the assistant scorer, the timekeeper and the 24 second shot clock operator. Each position has different responsibilities but all are essential.

Most scoretable officials are fans of the game who enjoy being involved at the local level. They become scoretable officials to support both the sport and the teams they are attending to. Becoming a scoretable official is an easy and fun way to increase your knowledge of the game (whatever it may already be), and to become a vital part of the games you attend.


Scoretable officials work as a team with the referees to maintain the scoring and time keeping of the game. Scoretable officials are encouraged to arrive 30 minutes prior to the scheduled game start time and should check that each team has the correct players listed with their correct playing numbers.

The basic duties of each scoretable position are:

Chairperson: Ensure the smooth operation on the scoretable and to communicate with the referees.

Scorer: Consistently fill in the scoresheet.

Timekeeper: Operate the game clock according to the competition rules and in most situations operate the scoreboard.

24 second shot clock operator: Operate the shot clock by stopping and resetting according to the rules.

Assistant Scorer: Not always required but when the game clock and scoreboard visuals are not on the same console they will operate the visuals on the scoreboard.


The role of the statistician is to record predetermined statistics for players and teams either electronically with a statistics program on a computer, tablet or smart phone or manually with a paper template. It is often recommended that statisticians use the electronic option for collation speed and accuracy.Stats

Some local Australian domestic competitions do not have the resources to record complex statistics however most senior competitions do in an attempt to provide national consistency at the higher levels of competition.

The effective recording of statistics usually requires at least two people. One to “call” the game by commentating every event which requires statistical recording and the other to “record” the game by making the statistical entries and following the caller’s instructions. Typically the pair would swap roles at the conclusion of each quarter. The ideal operation for the statistics bench is to use an additional two persons. One is the “backup” who operates a backup computer in the event the main statistics computer crashes and the second person is an “observer” who assists the “caller” if any statistics should be missed.

Between play the statisticians are required check their stats for player fouls and points against the scorer’s sheet. They then supply each team a copy of the stats so the coaches can identify scoring patterns, player productivity and leading scorers and rebounders.


For local community competition anyone can be a statistician. From here however, statisticians require a level 1 accreditation that can only be acquired through your state body, to participate in state competition. Statisticians can then progress to Australian Junior Championship events, the National Wheelchair League, the Women’s National League (WNBL), the Men’s National Basketball League (NBL) and onto international games hosted in Australia.


To become involved in refereeing, Basketball Australia encourages you to speak with the officials manager or referee coordinator at your local association. You can learn more about Referee pathways and information sources by clicking here.

To become a scoretable official beginners can take a Level 0 course through their local association which consists of a four-hour session, as well as an open book exam. This leaves the official proficient as a scorer, assistant scorer and timekeeper and allows them to participate in domestic games.

Once experience at the domestic level has been acquired, officials can receive further training to progress to higher levels of competition such as state leagues, national leagues and international competition.

Unlike other participation based roles and courses of accreditation, the first Level 1 statistician accreditation is conducted by the State body. If you wish to be become an accredited statistician at the state level contact your state office and find out when the next course is being conducted by the state coordinator.

To find your state contact visit the ‘State Contacts’ tab under ‘Participate’ on this website.

To find your local association contact click here.

For more information contact